RICHARDSON, Henry Hobson

(1838-1886)
   Henry Hobson Richardson was the second American-born architect to study at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, after Richard Morris Hunt. Richardson was born in Louisiana and studied first at Harvard and then in Paris. He worked in many styles during his career but is best known for his adaptation of the Romanesque, which came to be called the "Richardsonian Romanesque." Although many private homes feature this Romanesque style with its red brick exterior walls and heavily rusticated red stone around doorways and windows, Richardson's most famous buildings in this style are his public structures in Boston and Chicago. Richardson's Trinity Church in Copley Square, Boston, was built after the Great Fire destroyed part of the city in 1872. The monumental church features a Greek-cross plan with a central square tower at the crossing. The façade was originally flat with front towers, but Richardson later added a highly sculptural porch modeled on the Romanesque Church of Saint-Trophime in Arles, France. Trinity Church epitomizes the Richardsonian Romanesque with its heavily rusticated stone walls, round arches, square towers, and the use of pink granite, red sandstone, and a red clay roof.
   In Chicago, Richardson was hired to build the Marshall Field Warehouse in 1885-1887 (demolished in the 1930s). This commercial building revealed a balance between subtle historicism, as seen in the rusticated stone and arched windows that recalled a Florentine Renaissance palace, and a cleaner, more modern design devoid of columns and porticoes. The building suggested solidity in its use of granite and sandstone together with its wide corner piers and the beautiful rhythm seen in the rows of small rectangular and larger arched windows. Since the city of Chicago was still recovering from its Fire of 1871, many new buildings were being constructed, yet it was Richardson's warehouse that set the standard for the next generation of architects in Chicago, called the "Chicago School."
   See also SKYSCRAPER.

Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. . 2008.

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  • Richardson,Henry Hobson — Richardson, Henry Hobson. 1838 1886. American architect whose Romanesque designs include Trinity Church in Boston (1872 1877) and the Marshall Field Warehouse in Chicago (1885 1887). * * * …   Universalium

  • Richardson, Henry Hobson — born Sept. 29, 1838, Priestley Plantation, La., U.S. died April 27, 1886, Brookline, Mass. U.S. architect. He studied at Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass., and the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. His designs for Boston s Brattle Square… …   Universalium

  • Richardson, Henry Hobson — (29 sep. 1838, Plantación Priestley, La., EE.UU.–27 abr. 1886, Brookline, Mass.). Arquitecto estadounidense. Estudió en la Universidad de Harvard en Cambridge, Mass. y en la École des Beaux Arts de París. Sus diseños de las iglesias de Battle… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henry Hobson Richardson — (September 29, 1838 ndash;April 27, 1886) was a prominent American architect of the 19th century whose work left a significant impact on, among others, Boston, Pittsburgh, Albany, and Chicago.BiographyRichardson was born at Priestly Plantation in …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Hobson Richardson — Henry Hobson Richardson, retrato por Sir Hubert von Herkomer de la Galería Nacional de Retratos (Washington) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henry Hobson Richardson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Richardson. Henry Hobson Richardson est un architecte américain, (1838 1886) qui appliqua la tendance éclectique et diffusa les préceptes de l Académie des Beaux Arts dans son pays. On lui doit notamment la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry Hobson Richardson — H.H. Richardson (Porträt von Hubert von Herkomer, 1886) Henry Hobson Richardson (* 29. September 1838 in St. James Parish, Louisiana; † 27. April 1886 in Brookline, Massachusetts) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Hobson Richardson — noun United States architect (1838 1886) • Syn: ↑Richardson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Richardson — Richardson, Owen Williams Richardson, Samuel Richardson, Tony * * * (as used in expressions) Richardson, Dorothy M(iller) Richardson, Henry Handel Ethel Florence Lindesay Richardson Richardson, Henry Hobson Richardson, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • RICHARDSON (H. H.) — RICHARDSON HENRY HOBSON (1838 1886) Architecte américain, souvent considéré comme l’un des fondateurs de l’école de Chicago, bien qu’il se soit fixé à New York, puis à Brookline (Massachusetts) et qu’il ait surtout construit à Boston. Diplômé de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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